<img height="1" width="1" style="display:none" src="https://www.facebook.com/tr?id=309689714547479&amp;ev=PageView&amp;noscript=1">

词汇表

PICTUREHEADER (1)

不可否认,外汇交易具有丰富的积极意义,但这并没有让那些第一次进入外汇市场的人不感到困惑。


许多新手交易员可能会发现,有无数的术语和短语需要他们了解。值得庆幸的是,现在有了帮助,可以帮助您提高速度。以下是一份完整的外汇术语词汇表,它以最简单的方式提供关键的定义。


  /  A  /  B  /  C  /  D  /  E  F  /  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  /  S  /   T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z  /

A

Arbitrage 套汇

通过出售或购买一种货币,利用不同市场的反补贴价格的行为。因此,在相关市场中同时采取平等和相反的立场,从微小的价差中获利。

Ask 询价

“Ask” ( “询价价格”)是用于描述交易者接受购买特定货币的价格的术语

Asset 资产
“Asset” 指有价值的项目或资源,如货币或货币对
———

B

Base Currency 基础货币

在一个货币对内,前面那个货币叫做“基础货币”。比如GBPUSD来说,GBP就是基础货币。

Bear Market 熊市

牛市的反义词,“熊市”被用来描述一个资产、货币或证券的价格在下跌。“熊市”也能被简称为“熊”,当“熊市”也被用来描述当外汇市场处于下跌状态中。

Bull Market 牛市

熊市的反义词,这被用来描述一个资产、货币或证券的价格在上涨中。类似于“熊市”,“熊市”也经常被简化为“牛”,所以您可以听到“熊”“牛”经常被使用。

Bid 卖

“卖”(或“卖价”)被用来描述当一个价格愿意卖出某个货币时候的价格。

Buy Limit Order 买入限价单

一个买入限价单为了在某个或更低的价格买入,词语“限价”就是这个意思

———

C

Carry Trade 套利交易

是指一个投资者借入低利息资产然后买入高利息资产而获得潜在利息差收益。

Closed Position 平仓

是指把一笔交易关掉,包括产生利润或损失的结果。

Closing Market Rate 闭市价格

有时候被列为平仓价格,它代表了某个特定时间框架,日期或蜡烛图时间内的货币最终价值。

Currency Appreciation 货币升值

当一个货币对着另一个货币价值上升时,就被意味着“货币升值”

Currency Futures 货币期货

货币期货是一个在未来某个特定日期的可以买卖的货币状态的合约。货币期货在很多交易者眼里是广泛被使用的对冲工具。

Currency Pair 货币对
作为外汇市场的核心,货币对是任何外汇交易中的交易对象。货币对的形式多种多样,大多数货币对都标有。
———

D

Daily Chart 日线图
对某一特定货币在一个交易日内的变动进行细分的图表。
Day Trade 日内交易
在同一天打开和关闭的外汇交易。
Demo Account 模拟账户

有时被称为“模拟账户”、“虚拟账户”、“虚拟货币账户”或“实践账户”,模拟账户是使用虚拟资金的外汇交易账户。这使得任何交易者都可以探索市场,在不涉及任何实际资本使用的环境中进行交易。

Depth of Market 市场深度
一个货币活跃买卖的量,涵盖了绝大范围的报价。
Drawdown 回撤
当一种货币的价格下跌时,峰值和新低之间的差额被标记为“回撤”。
———

E

ECN Broker ECN经纪商
代表不同类型的经纪商。ECN经纪商利用电子通信网络(ECN)为客户提供与流动性提供商的联系。
Exchange Rate 汇率
汇率代表外汇市场的基础,是一种货币兑换另一种货币的成本。
Execution 执行
是指一笔交易从开始到完成的过程成交的过程。
Exposure 暴露
是指用来衡量在某个货币或相关市场的投资额度。
———

F

Fill Price 成交价

表达一个订单的完成,伴随着被完成的价格。

Fill or Kill 成交或取消
如果一个投资者想在某个心里要的价格来完成外汇交易,他可以选择执行或取消订单。这意味着他的订单如果没有按照要求的价格能够成交,那么就可以选择取消。
Floating Exchange Rate 浮动汇率
用于描述当前不固定的任何汇率的术语。浮动汇率往往会根据特定货币相对于其他货币的供求(以及其他因素)而波动。
Forex Chart 外汇图表
与日线图类似,外汇图是一种数字图表,突出显示与货币对相关的点和价格变动。外汇图表通常可以扩展到包括日、周、月甚至年。
Forex Scalping 外汇剥头皮
这是一种值得注意的交易策略,它基于这样一种理念:如果你在短时间内买卖一种货币,那么你就更有可能比通过大幅价格波动获得利润。在外汇交易中,剥头皮往往代表的是“量少而频繁”的做法。
Forex Signal System 外汇信号系统
可以说,外汇信号系统是最常见的外汇广告服务,其工作原理是向与当前市场活动相关的订户发出外汇信号。该信号(可通过多种方式发出)可自动或手动触发交易。例如,外汇信号系统可能会提醒您,现在是买入或卖出特定货币的合适时机。
Forex Spot Rate 外汇现货汇率
外汇现货汇率决定了货币能够被购买或出售的汇率价格。
Forex Trading Robot 外汇交易机器人
虽然不是严格意思上的“机器人”,但是外汇交易机器人确实是一种软件被设计来进行操作指导。它是自动化的应该能偶帮助您是时候决定卖出或买入某货币对。
Fundamental Analysis 基本面分析
确定关键政治和经济事件(失业率、利率公告等)对外汇市场的影响的行为。交易者进行此类分析,作为预测其投资组合市场未来方向的一种手段。
———

G

———

H

Hard Currency 硬通货

与软货币相反,硬货币通常在政治和经济不稳定时最具弹性,因此通常被认为是可靠的。例如,英镑(GBP)、美元(USD)和欧元(EUR)是众所周知的硬通货。

Hedge 对冲
一种交易方法,通过降低与波动市场相关的风险来保护投资者。对冲要求交易者进行两项独立的投资,相互平衡。这可以最大限度地减少价格波动可能造成的损失。
———

I

Intervention 干预

干预与一国央行作为影响其货币价值的手段所采取的行动有关。这通常构成直接进入市场,从而提高该国对货币汇率的控制水平。

———

J

———

K

———

L

Leverage 杠杆
杠杆是外汇经纪商提供的一项服务,允许交易者最大化其购买力。它使交易者能够存入少量资金,但仍能大量交易货币。杠杆率用比率表示;例如,杠杆比率为1:100时,交易员的购买力会增加100倍。
Limit Order 限价单
代表了一个指令要么在未来某个价格平仓或者开仓。比如,如果EURUSD是在1.07503/1.07523,那么一个相关的买入EUR的限价单就是指在更低的价格买入,比如在1.07522下面。
Liquidity 流动性
某个货币对可以用来交易的金额(或量)。
Long Position 多头头寸
与空头头寸相反,任何持有多头头寸的投资者都会买入基础货币,以期从市场价格上涨中获利。
Lot 手
一手是标准的货币交易单位,1手代表着100,000单位的货币。
———

M

Margin 保证金
“保证金”意味着为了维持某个敞开头寸所需的账户余额。
Margin Call 保证金追缴通知
这是一个警报来通知您需要存入更多资金来增加您的保证金以维持敞开头寸。
Market Order 市价单
对于那些想要立即交易的人来说,一个市价单就是他们所要的,因为市价单是可以立即成交的(如果可能的话)并且在最好的价位。
Micro Lot 迷你手
迷你手就是所要交易的货币对的1,000单位。
———

N

———

O

One Cancels the Other (OCO) OC订单
有两个限价单构成,在执行的时候当其中一个被触发的话另一个就自动取消。
Open Position 敞开头寸
是指一个交易者所持有的某个货币的头寸,会造成任何利润或亏损。
Over-the-Counter 柜台交易
在线外汇交易时代很少听到的术语;柜台交易是处理外汇交易的传统方式。它涉及通过电话或电子设备推动订单,因此不再常见。
Overnight Position 隔夜头寸
当交易者决定隔夜持仓并将其结转到下一个交易日时。
———

P

Pip 点
代表了“点数的一个百分比”,它代表了汇率最小的变动单位之一。点是点数的十分之一,比如,1.12345和1.1234就差5个点。
Profit-Taking 止盈
平掉一个外汇头寸作为一种活力的方式。
P&L 盈亏
利润或亏损的标准缩略语。
———

Q

Quote Currency 报价货币
在一个货币对内,第二个货币就是报价货币。比如,USDGBP中的GBP就是报价货币。
———

R

Rally 恢复
“恢复” 是指当一个货币跌了或涨了一段时间后重新恢复一定空间。
Resistance 阻力位
一种货币难以超越的价格水平。在这种情况下,一种货币会不断地敲打价格上限,只有当它无法突破上限时才会开始下跌。
Risk Management 风控
考虑到外汇市场的动荡性质,交易员必须采用风险管理作为保护资本的手段。风险管理实践通常采取相关策略和工具的形式,以尽可能地限制金融风险。
Rollover Rate 隔夜利息
隔夜利率是指交易者在隔夜持有未平仓头寸时必须支付(或赚取)的利息。考虑到此类头寸从一天持续到下一天,使用术语“转期”是合适的。
———

S

Short Position 空头头寸
与多头仓位相反,这涉及到从货币市场价格下跌中获益的仓位。当货币对中的基础货币最终售出时,则假定该头寸为空头。
Slippage 滑点
“滑点”是一个用来描述交易者以高于最初预期的价格进行交易的术语。当投资者使用止损指令和市场指令时,这往往发生在高波动时期。
Soft Currency 软通货
与硬通货相反,软通货通常受到经济和政治事件的冲击最大,因此通常被认为是不稳定的。例如,津巴布韦元(ZWD)和朝鲜元(KPW)都经常被贴上“软货币”的标签。
Speculator 投机者
代表一种特定类型的交易者,任何被归类为投机者的人都愿意在交易中承担巨大的风险。人们希望,通过接受不断增加的风险水平,最终的利润回报将会很高。
Spike 反转
用于描述货币价格在短时间内急剧下降或上升。与普遍认为峰值只能描述上升趋势的观点相反,在外汇市场上,它也被用来描述下降趋势。
Spread 点差
点擦汗代表了任何货币对的买卖价差。在大部分情况下,这个数字代表了一个经纪商的服务成本和交易费用,通常由点来表示。应该留意点差由三种形式,固定点差、扩展的固定点差和浮动点差。
Stop-Loss Order 止损挂单
一种市场订单当价格触发的时候可以买入或卖出某个货币对。通常来说,一个止损挂单就是为了控制损失。
———

T

Take-Profit Order (T/P) 止盈挂单
一种市场订单当价格触发了特定的价格的时候平仓获利。
Technical Analysis 技术分析
投资者将技术分析作为预测外汇市场未来价格变化的一种手段。如何通过交易指标、图表和其他相关工具筛选当前和以前的市场数据来实现这一点。
———

U

———

V

Volatility 波动率
这表达了证券、货币对或特定货币的不确定性程度(以及相关的价格波动)。它也可以作为一个术语来描述外汇市场作为一个整体的状态。
———

W

———

X

———

Y

Yield 收益率
“收益率”是指任何外汇投资的回报率,通常在交易平台内以百分比显示。
———

Z

———
A
Arbitrage

The act of taking advantage of countervailing prices within different markets through the sale or purchase of a currency. Thus, simultaneously taking an equal and opposite position in a related market to profit from small price differentials.

Ask

“Ask” (or “ask price”) is a term used to describe the price at which a trader accepts to buy a particular currency.

Asset

“Asset” refers to an item or resource of value, such as a currency or currency pair.

B
Base Currency

Within a currency pair, the first currency listed is known as the “base currency”. For example, when it comes to the GBP/USD pairing, the GBP functions as the base currency.

Bear Market

The opposite of a bull market, the term “bear market” is used to describe the price of an asset, currency, or security that is in decline. “Bear market” can also be shortened to simply “bear”, while the term “bearish” is also used to describe the state of the forex market when it’s in decline. 

Bull Market 

The opposite of a bear market, this term describes when the price of an asset, currency, or security is rising. Much like the term “bear market”, “bull market” is also often shortened, so you can expect to hear the terms “bull” and “bullish” used regularly.

Bid 

“Bid” (or “bid price”) is the term used to describe the price at which a trader is willing to sell a particular currency. 

Buy Limit Order

A buy limit order is an order to push through a transaction at a specified price or lower, with the term “limit” referring to the price threshold.

C
Carry Trade

Relates to when an investor borrows at a lower-than-average interest rate in order to buy assets that can potentially produce higher interest rates.

Closed Position

Closing a position means bringing a transaction to an end, incurring any related profits or losses as a result.

Closing Market Rate

Sometimes listed as the closing price, it represents the final value that a currency is traded at during any specific time frame, day, or candle.

Currency Appreciation

When a currency’s value rises against another, it will commonly be addressed as “currency appreciation”.

Currency Futures

Currency futures are contracts that state the price that a currency can be sold or bought for at a predetermined future date. Future contracts are a widely-used hedging tool amongst traders.

Currency Pair

The nucleus of the forex market, a currency pair is what’s being traded within any forex transaction. Currency pairs take on various forms, with most pairs labelled “major”, “minor”, or “exotic”. For example, GBP/USD qualifies as a major currency pair.

D
Daily Chart

A graph that breaks down the movements of a particular currency that have occurred within a single trading day.

Day Trade

A forex trade that is opened and closed on the same day.

Demo Account

Sometimes called a “demo account”, “dummy account”, “virtual currency account”, or “practice account”, a demo account is a forex trading account that makes use of virtual funds. This allows any trader to explore the market, making trades in an environment that doesn’t involve the use of any real capital.

Depth of Market

The volume of active buying and selling orders placed for a currency, covering a wide degree of prices.

Drawdown

When the price of a currency dips, the difference between the peak and the new low is labelled the “drawdown”.

E
ECN Broker

Representing a distinct type of broker. An ECN Broker makes use of Electronic Communications Networks (ECNs) to provide clients with access to liquidity providers.

Exchange Rate

Representing what the forex market is built upon, the exchange rate is the cost at which one currency can be traded for another.

Execution

This term refers to when a trade is put in motion and subsequently completed.

Exposure

“Exposure” is a term that is used to address the amount invested in a currency and its associated market risks.

F
Fill Price

Addresses the completion of an order, along with the price that it has been completed at.

Fill or Kill

If an investor has a set price in mind for a forex transaction, he or she can choose to implement a fill or kill order. What this means is that if the order isn’t fulfilled at the exact predetermined price, it is terminated.

Floating Exchange Rate

A term used to describe any exchange rate that is currently not fixed. A floating exchange rate tends to fluctuate dependent on the supply and demand (along with other factors) of a particular currency relative to other currencies.

Forex Chart

Similar to a daily chart, a forex chart is a digital chart that highlights points and price movements related to a currency pair. Forex charts can usually be extended to cover days, weeks, months, and even years.

Forex Scalping

A notable trading strategy that is based upon the idea that if you open and close a trade—buying and selling a currency—within a short space of time, you are likelier to earn profit than you would through large price movements. What forex scalping tends to represent is the “little and often” approach when it comes to forex trading.

Forex Signal System

Arguably the most commonly advertised forex service, a forex signal system works by issuing forex signals to subscribers related to current market activity. This signal (which can be issued through a number of means) can trigger a trade either automatically or manually. For example, a forex signal system may alert you that it’s a suitable time to either buy or sell a particular currency.

Forex Spot Rate

The forex spot rate determines the exchange rate that a currency can be purchased or sold at.

Forex Trading Robot

While not strictly a “robot” per se, a forex trading robot does refer to a piece of software that is designed to operate as a guide. It’s automated and should help determine when you should either buy or sell a currency pair.

Fundamental Analysis

The act of determining the impact that key political and economic events (unemployment rates, interest rate announcements, and so forth) have on the forex market. Traders conduct such analysis as a means to predict the future direction of the market with regard to their portfolios.

G
 
H
Hard Currency

Opposite of a soft currency, a hard currency is one that is often most resilient in times of political and economic instability and thus is generally considered to be dependable. For example, the Great Britain Pound (GBP), US Dollar (USD), and Euro (EUR) are well-known hard currencies.

Hedge

A method of trading that is used to protect an investor by reducing the risk that is associated with volatile markets. Hedging requires the trader to make two independent investments that work to balance each other out. This works to minimise the loss that could be incurred by price fluctuations.

I
Intervention

Intervention relates to actions committed by a nation’s central bank as a means to affect the value of its currency. This usually constitutes a direct entering of the market, which can then increase the level of control that nation has over the currency exchange rate.

J
 
K
 
L
Leverage

Leverage is a service offered by forex brokers that allows a trader to maximise his or her buying power. It gives the trader the ability to deposit a small amount of capital yet still trade currency in large volumes. Leverage is expressed by a ratio; for example, leverage of 1:100 increases a trader’s purchasing power by 100 times.

Limit Order

Representing an instruction to either close or open a transaction at a future price. For example, if EUR/USD is currently listed at 1.07503/1.07523, then a related limit order to buy EUR at a lower-than-current market value price would see the currency purchase occur at 1.07522 or below.

Liquidity

The amount (or volume) of a set currency currently available for active trading.

Long Position

Opposite of a short position, any investor who takes a long position buys a base currency with a view to profiting on a market price increase.

Lot

A lot is a standardised quantity of the currency you are choosing to trade with, with one lot equalling 100,000 units of a particular currency.

M
Margin

“Margin” refers to the amount of account balance required in order to maintain an open position.

Margin Call

This is an alert that notifies you that you need to make an additional deposit in order to increase your margin to keep remaining positions active.

Market Order

For those who want to trade instantaneously, a market order is what’s required, as it is an order for a trade to be executed immediately (if possible) at the best price available.

Micro Lot

Micro lot refers to 1,000 units of the base currency within a pair.

N
 
O
One Cancels the Other (OCO)

Made up of two limit orders, where the execution of one automatically triggers the cancellation of the other.

Open Position

A simple term to describe the position that a trader takes on a currency pair, subject to any profits and losses that it may accrue.

Over-the-Counter

A seldom-heard term in the era of online forex trading; an over-the-counter trade is a traditional way of handling a forex transaction. It involves pushing through an order via a telephone or electronic device and thus is no longer commonly seen.

Overnight Position

When a trader decides to keep a position open overnight and carry it over into the next trading day.

P
Pip

Standing for “percentage in point”, it represents the smallest possible price change that can occur within an exchange rate. Pip is 1/10th of a Point. For example, the difference between 1.12345 and 1.12340 is 5 pips.

Point 

The basic unit of measurement of price differences. 1 Point = 10 Pips. For example, the difference between 1.12345 and 1.12355 is 1 Point. 

Profit-Taking

Closing a forex position as a means to collect the related profit.

P&L

A standard abbreviation for “profit and loss”.

Q
Quote Currency

Within any currency pair, the second currency listed will always be referred to as the “quote currency”. For example, in the USD/GBP pairing, the GBP is the quote currency.

R
Rally

“Rally” references a currency’s recovery in price after a period of either short-term or long-term decline.

Resistance

The price level that a currency finds difficult to go beyond. In such instances, a currency will consistently knock on a price ceiling, only to see a decline begin when it isn’t able to break above it.

Risk Management

Considering the oftentimes-tumultuous nature of the forex market, traders must adopt risk management as a means to protect capital. Risk management practices usually take on the form of related strategies and tools that work to limit the financial risk as much as possible.

Rollover Rate

Incurring a rollover rate means the interest that a trader must pay (or earn) when he or she holds an open position overnight. Considering that such positions continue from one day to the next, the term “rollover” is fittingly used.

S
Short Position

Opposite of a long position, this involves taking a position that benefits from a currency’s decline in market price. When the base currency within the pair is eventually sold, then the position is assumed to be short.

Slippage

“Slippage” is a term used to describe when a trader executes a trade that goes through at a higher price than initially expected. This tends to occur during times of high volatility, when investors make use of stop-loss orders and market orders.

Soft Currency

Opposite of a hard currency, a soft currency is one that is often hit hardest by economic and political events and thus is generally considered to be unstable. For example, both the Zimbabwean Dollar (ZWD) and North Korean Won (KPW) are routinely labelled “soft currencies”.

Speculator

Representing a specific type of trader, anyone who is classified as a speculator is willing to take big risks while trading. The hope is that by embracing increasing levels of risk, the eventual profit return will be high.

Spike

Used to describe a sharp downward or upward movement in currency price that occurs during a short space of time. Contrary to popular belief that a spike can only describe an upward trend, in the world of forex, it has also been used to describe a downward trend.

Spread

The spread represents the difference between the ask and bid price of any currency pair. In most instances, this figure represents brokerage service costs and replaces transactions fees, with it usually presented in pips. It should be noted the spread could take on one of three forms through a fixed spread, a fixed spread with an extension, and a variable spread.

Stop-Loss Order

A market order to either buy or sell a currency when it hits a certain price. Generally speaking, a stop-loss order is placed in order to control losses occurring (or due to occur) in a set position.

T
Take-Profit Order (T/P)

A market order that stipulates that a position is to be closed once it hits a predetermined price or price range, thus taking all generated profit.

Technical Analysis

Investors use technical analysis as a means to forecast future price changes within the forex market. How this is conducted is by sifting through current and prior market data via trading indicators, charts, and other related tools.

U
 
V
Volatility

This addresses the degree of uncertainty (and related price fluctuations) of a security, currency pair, or specific currency. It can also be used as a term to describe the state of the forex market as a whole.

W
 
X
 
Y
Yield

“Yield” is a term that refers to the return on any forex investment made, with such usually displayed as a percentage figure within a trading platform.

Z